Common Injuries

Here is a list of common injuries by body part with a quick overview.  Click the links to learn more about the types of injuries for that body part.

Shoulder Injuries

The shoulder is a complex shoulder joint, primarily because it is structured to be able to rotate in almost all directions and perform complicated movements. Due to this structure, the muscles, ligaments and tendons surrounding the shoulder, are prone to injury. Overuse shoulder injuries are common in overhead sports such as baseball, tennis, weightlifting and swimming. Acute traumatic shoulder injuries are common in contact sports such as hockey and football. In addition, shoulder injuries are prevalent in daily life and work activities that involve repetitive or overhead positions, such as painting, renovations, yardwork and factory work. Shoulder injuries may include strains, sprains or tears of ligaments, tendons and muscles. They can also include tendonitis, tendinopathy, impingement, dislocations and separations. 

To read more about the specific types of shoulder injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

skeleton of upper body with shoulder in red

Knee Injuries

The knee is a simple hinge joint which primarily moves in only one plane. However, because the knee is so central to most athletic and work movements, it is one of the most commonly injured joints. Overuse knee injuries are common in sports that involve running and jumping, such as long-distance running, cycling, basketball and volleyball. Acute traumatic knee injuries are common in sports that involve contact, collisions, twisting and pivoting, such as hockey, rugby and football. In addition, knee injuries are prevalent in daily life and work activities that involve repetitive or squatting positions, such as heavy lifting, farming, roofing and yardwork. Knee injuries may include strains, sprains or tears of ligaments, tendons and muscles. They can also include tendonitis, tendinopathy, dislocations and contusions.

To read more about the specific types of knee injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

Runner holding knee

Back Injuries

The back (the spine) is a complex set of multiple joints that needs to be able to move in multiple directions and be able to withstand heavy loads. Spinal anatomy includes multiple bones and other types of tissue such as ligaments, discs, cartilage, tendons and muscles. In addition, the nerves that run through and out from the spine are prone to be injured whenever there is trauma or damage to the surrounding spine. Back injuries are common in sports, work and daily life activities that involve leaning forward, overextension or arching, lifting heavy loads, twisting and rotating, as well as trauma. Sports such as weightlifting, gymnastics, figure skating, hockey and football are commonly affected. Injuries can include strains, sprains, herniated discs, stress fractures and pinched nerves.

To read more about the specific types of back injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

man holding lower back

Ankle Injuries

The ankle is a hinge joint which primarily moves in only one plane, but because it is also structured to move in other rotational and sideways directions, it can be prone to injury. In addition, the ankle is very important for any weight-bearing sport or physical activity so ankle injuries can have a significant impact on athletes. Overuse ankle injuries are common in sports that involve running and jumping, such as long-distance running, dance, track and field, and basketball. Acute traumatic ankle injuries are common in sports that involve contact, collisions, twisting and pivoting, such as soccer, rugby and football. Ankle injuries may include strains, sprains or tears of ligaments and tendons. They can also include tendonitis, stress fractures, dislocations and contusions. To read more about the specific types of ankle injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

swollen ankle with bruising

Neck Injuries

The neck is a part of the spine that involves a complex set of multiple joints that needs to be able to move in multiple directions and be able to withstand twists and turns as well as prolonged postural positions. Spinal anatomy includes multiple bones and other types of tissue such as ligaments, discs, cartilage, tendons and muscles. In addition, the nerves that run through and out from the spine are prone to be injured whenever there is trauma or damage to the surrounding spine. Overuse neck injuries are common in daily life and work activities that involve prolonged sitting or working in front of computer because of the chronic postural strain placed on the neck. Traumatic injuries of the neck are common in sports, such as football, that involve sudden twists, bending or arching of the neck. Injuries can include strains, sprains, herniated discs, stress fractures and pinched nerves.

To read more about the specific types of neck injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

man on bed holding neck

Elbow Injuries

The elbow joint is a hinge joint that also allows some rotational movement. Overuse elbow injuries, such as tendonitis and tendinopathy, are common among athletes that use their arms hands repetitively, such as in sports like tennis, squash, baseball and golf. Work and daily life activities such as manual labour, construction, yardwork, renovations and factory work commonly cause overuse elbow injuries. Traumatic elbow injuries may involve ligament tears and sprains, dislocations and fractures, and typically are more prevalent in sports such as wrestling, football and rugby.

To learn more about the specific types of elbow injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

man pointing at window

Foot Injuries

The foot is a body part that is made of a large number of small bones that are connected by many different ligaments and are supported by surrounding tendons and muscles. In addition, the foot is central to any weightbearing sport or physical activity. Because the foot is put under so much load and because of its complex structure, foot injuries are common in sport and work activities. Overuse foot injuries are prevalent in sports that involve running and jumping such as long distance running, basketball, track and field and dance. Traumatic foot are more common in contact sports such as football and soccer. Work that involves prolonged walking and standing commonly causes overuse foot injuries.

To learn more about the specific types of foot injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

person holding foot

Wrist and Hand Injuries

The wrist and hand are made up of multiple little bones that are connected by many different ligaments and supported by surrounding tendons and muscles. Wrist and hand injuries are common, especially among people who engage in activities that require repetitive wrist movements or impacts. Overuse wrist and hands injuries commonly occur in work activities such as computer work, manual labour, renovations and factory work. Sports, such as tennis, mountain biking and badminton, that involved repetitive use or prolonged gripping, are prone to causing hand and wrist overuse injuries. Traumatic hand and wrist injuries are seen in sports (e.g., basketball, volleyball, football) where a ball or player will cause a twist or hyperextension of a finger or wrist. These traumatic injuries can range from minor sprains to fractures or ligament tears.

To learn more about the specific types of hand and wrist injuries, including how they are caused and how they are treated, please click here.

man holding his wrist

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FOOT ORTHOTICS

Our pedorthists are trained in assessing, casting, design and fitting of foot appliances (orthotics) and in fitting of footwear to reduce painful and debilitating conditions of the lower limbs and feet.

BRACING

Our bracing professionals help fit you with a stocked or custom brace so that you may be able to return to sports or recreational activities sooner and safer.

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Our Dietitian and Sports Nutritionist helps to promote good nutrition habits that can help you maintain your energy levels, weight and muscle mass and can lower your risk of certain diseases.

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